Sunday, December 30, 2007

Study Group: Guide 14

Here is the latest Study Guide! I have not provided English translations, since those are easy enough to find by consulting versions of the Bible in English. Instead, I have tried to call attention to the various grammatical features of the verses, along with interesting vocabulary items, the importance of a specific Biblical context, etc.

You will find more Study Guides at the Vulgate Verses wiki.

These verses contain third declension nouns:

158. Notice that ostium is neuter nominative singular, while ovium is feminine genitive plural, even though they both end in -ium.

159. The verb is implied but not expressed: Amici divitum (sunt) multi.

160. This verse is from the apocryphal book of Sirach. Notice that the phrase pascua...divitum wraps around the verb, serving as the predicate, while pauperes is the subject.

161. The word sicut introduces a comparison: verba sapientium are like stimuli.

162. Notice the implied verbs: Cor sapientium (est) ubi tristitia est et cor stultorum (est) ubi laetitia (est).

163. Here you can see the difference between the genitive plural ending for second declension nouns, dominorum, and the genitive plural ending for third declension nouns, regum.

164. Notice that you can have genitives arranged in a sequence: the chief (of) the kings (of) the earth.

165. Remember that you can replace the Latin word nec with the words et non: non est transmutatio et non (est) vicissitudinis obumbratio.

166. The verb is implied, not expressed: Terra (est) scabillum pedum meorum.

167. This is part of the angels' annunciation to the shepherds: Gloria in altissimis Deo et in terra pax in hominibus bonae voluntatis.

168. This proverb is based on a comparison between two things: circulus aureus in naribus suis is like a mulier pulchra et fatua. Be careful with the word suis! This is not the adjective suus, but is instead the genitive singular of the noun sus. You can read more about this proverb at the blog.