Here is the latest Study Guide! I have not provided English translations, since those are easy enough to find by consulting versions of the Bible in English. Instead, I have tried to call attention to the various grammatical features of the verses, along with interesting vocabulary items, the importance of a specific Biblical context, etc.
You will find more Study Guides at the Vulgate Verses wiki.
These verses contain no verbs, except for present tense forms of the verb "to be" (and usually no expressed verb at all):
359. Note the absence of the verb "to be," with the pronoun nos as the subject, and stulti as a predicate adjective.
360. Note the absence of the verb "to be" in the first clause, with the pronoun nos as the subject, and lutum as a predicate noun, while the verb is expressed in the second clause.
361. Note the absence of the verb "to be" in the both clauses, with the prepositional phrases being used as predicates.
362. The pronoun vos is in the nominative case, the subject of the verb estis. Notice that while a predicate adjective has to agree with the subject in gender, number, and case, the predicate noun has only to be in the nominative case; it does not have to agree in gender and number with the subject.
363. See the note to the preceding verse. Although the predicate noun lux is feminine singular, it can still serve as a predicate noun with the plural pronoun vos as the subject.
364. Note the use of the postpositive particle autem in second position in the second clause. The word Christi in the first clause is genitive singular: you are "of Christ," you are "Christ's," etc. The second clause parallels the first with Dei in the genitive singular as well.
365. Note the use of the verb "to be" in the first clause, while it is omitted in the second clause. Both vitis and palmites are predicate nouns in the nominative case.
366. The prepositional phrases are being used predicatively. Note the word order: subject - predicate phrase - linking verb.
367. Like any other noun, pronouns can be modified by adjectives which agree with the noun in gender, number, and case: omnes vos. The word fratres is a predicate noun. Note the word order: subject (noun phrase) - predicate noun - linking verb.
368. The prepositional phrase is being used predicatively. Note the word order: interjection - subject (noun phrase) - predicate - linking verb.
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