Thursday, April 17, 2008

Study Guide: Group 28

Here is the latest Study Guide! I have not provided English translations, since those are easy enough to find by consulting versions of the Bible in English. Instead, I have tried to call attention to the various grammatical features of the verses, along with interesting vocabulary items, the importance of a specific Biblical context, etc.

You will find more Study Guides at the Vulgate Verses wiki.

These verses contain no verbs, except for present tense forms of the verb "to be" (and usually no expressed verb at all):

349. This is an existential use of the verb "to be," meaning that the phrase non est can be rendered in English as "there is no..." From the Latin word macula we get the English word "immaculate" as in the Immaculate Conception.

350. The word tecum is equivalent to the prepositional phrase, cum te.

351. You can find references to the fons vitae in Proverbs, Psalms, and Ecclesiasticus.

352. These words form part of the Hail Mary prayer.

353. See the note to Verse #350 for tecum. See Verse #331 for a note about the phrase Dominus Deus.

354. These are the words spoken by Amasai to David, as he pledges the support of his tribe for David's battle.

355. Be careful to distinguish between the subject omnia and the predicate possibilia.

356. The verb is implied but not expressed: Dominus exercituum (est) nomen tibi. The dative tibi expresses possession.

357. The adjective similis can take a genitive complement, and the word tui serves as the genitive of the pronoun tu here (not to be confused with a form of the possessive adjective, tuus).

358. The adverb valde modifies the prepositional phrase iuxta te: "very near to you." For more information about the word valde, see Verse #233.

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